Lyme disease is essentially a tick-borne disease which affects children and middle-aged people. Ticks are small arthropods which are extremely dangerous and carry a lot of diseases. They can be kept away with the help of certain repellants and chemicals but you must know and understand how exactly Lyme disease works.
Between 2014 to 2016, the percent of diseases spread from ticks has tripled which means people are still clueless about how to combat Lyme disease. Since a person can be bitten by a tick anywhere, especially outdoors, it is very hard to know how we can avoid the disease. Here are the basic things you should know about Lyme disease.
1What is Lyme Disease?
Lyme Disease is a bacterial disease which can have serious implications. It is infectious and is caused by a specific bacteria called Borrelia which is primarily transmitted by ticks. A very common symptom of this infection is a reddish patch which grows as the disease spreads. It's called the erythema migrans and starts a week after the tick bite but initially, the rash is not particularly painful.
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2Health Risks of Lyme Disease
Not all people who acquire Lyme disease acquire a rash or a burning itch. Sometimes the person can be affected by headaches, fever, or fatigue. But you must know that if ignored, it can lead to facial paralysis, heart palpitations or joint pains and swelling. People suffering from the disease can also suffer from shooting pains. Even after treatment, the joint pains and fatigue may take a while to go away.
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3 Lyme Disease Symptoms
When the person is bitten by an infected tick, a few days later (from five to thirty days) the bacteria spreads from a small area to the surrounding tissues. This may result in an expanding pink or red rash surrounding the bite area. A Lyme rash is usually of a rough circular shape, and it expands over time. In some cases the rash goes unnoticed in the initial stages if it appears under hair or on scalp. Also is the patch is darker in colour, it is hard to make out but the itch is hard to miss. The rash mostly dissolves over time, even without treatment but it is very important to treat it medically.
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4Dizziness and Headache
50 percent of Lyme disease patients suffer from flu-like symptoms within six to seven days after they are infected. Also, the fever or the fatigue or dizziness may not feel serious at all, and you might just think it’s a regular fever. But it is different from a viral flu as the Lyme symptoms will come and go, and will never fully disappear until treated. Most adults who were affected with Lyme reported that they experienced headaches and sixty percent people reported fever.
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